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Author: Zahira Houghtelin

PROTEIN: YOUR BEST FRIEND DURING THAT DIET

PROTEIN: YOUR BEST FRIEND DURING THAT DIET

We’ve all done it… limit what we can eat, how much we can eat, when we can eat… it’s a perpetual cycle that generally leaves us all cranky, hungry, and unsatisfied. What is the main purpose of a diet? Is it to be healthier? Skinnier? More muscular? Whatever your reason for dieting, calorie restriction always rears its ugly head and reminds us that in order to reach our goal, we must create a deficit. Within that deficit however, you don’t have to be hungry. High quality protein foods like dairy, soy, or eggs, for example, are extremely crucial during calorie restriction.

High quality proteins are the building blocks our bodies utilize to maintain lean body tissue in muscles and organs. During a diet, since we all know that along with the fat we unfortunately lose muscle in the process, an adequate supply of high quality protein provides a healthy supply of essential amino acids therefore, loss of muscle mass is minimized and vital organs are protected.

High quality protein foods assist in providing the proper balance of amino acids and nitrogen essential for the body to effectively improve and maintain. Protein is associated throughout the nutrition world with increased satiety, better maintenance of our metabolic rate, effective supply of necessary amino acids and so on. All of these elements help our bodies maintain lean muscle mass. The amount of protein we consume during the day affects our food choices later on in the evening. By consuming more protein during the day, you will feel less hungry at dinner time and eat much less since your body feels satisfied.

Another gripe with calorie restriction is the drop in energy. High quality protein foods can definitely conquer that simply because protein assists in preserving a higher metabolic rate. Maintaining a higher metabolic rate translates into a greater calorie deficit and that means… drumroll please… GREATER WEIGHT LOSS!

Protein is vital because any diet that contains limiting amino acids will surely have restricted protein synthesis since specific amino acid sequences of a protein could not be formed. The deficiency of any one amino acid, despite an excess of other amino acids, develops a gap and the body does not process the way it should.

High quality protein foods generally come from milk, eggs, meat, fish, etc. Foods containing proteins from unrefined sources such as grains or vegetables, other than soy, are considered not suitable as primary sources of protein when restricting calories. Again, I must stress, on a calorie restricted diet, it is crucial that there be no limiting amino acids because once that source is depleted, we automatically restrict protein synthesis. Insufficient amounts of essential amino acids, despite an excess of other amino acids, will cause a glitch and our bodies cannot synthesize specific amino acid sequences.

Your main goal should be your health and well-being. Be good to yourself… Think Healthy & Think Smart!!

Social Penetration Theory Applied

Social Penetration Theory Applied

Social penetration theory asserts the concept of metaphorically, peeling back more and more layers of an individual’s emotional, psychological, and deeply personal psyche, through the journey and active pursuit of constructing a strong foundational base; therefore perpetually solidifying the orientation phase by progressing and assuming the opportunity and risk of beginning the exploratory affective stage. We, as individuals, begin to slowly merge our individual worlds into a combined effort of seeking out the deeper layers in our significant other by beginning to broach topics previously considered unacceptable to discuss.

 This theory is about the development of a relationship through a gradual exposure of one’s self, beginning with socially acceptable levels of self-disclosure and moving towards the most intimate level of full disclosure between two people.

Social penetration theory appealed to me because I have experienced some events in my life that have affected the way I socially connect to others. Long story short, I married at 26 and after a long heart-to-heart with myself, I chose to leave and filed for divorce.

The relationship I fell into after that resulted in a detrimental threat to my health and personal well-being. With both relationships, I had allowed my counterpart into the innermost level and freely offered full disclosure under the blind assumption that my dedication to the relationship was being reciprocated. Unfortunately, in both relationships, self disclosure was not reciprocated. The voluntary permission I had lovingly and willingly offered without question slowly became a weapon against me. Due to these relationships, specifically the one that ended with a traumatic life-altering event, I chose to construct and establish my layers of security and self-preservation. As a result, I emotionally shut down. I had shut everything off because it was the only way (from proven experience) that I could blindly convince myself that I could prevent being manipulated or abused again. Unfortunately, I had convinced myself that going to the complete opposite end of the spectrum was the healthy thing to do and in turn, resulted in complete alienation because I refused to allow myself to reciprocate emotions.

After approximately one year of focusing on me and learning who I was again, I felt like the healing process was finally beginning to show improvement. Thankfully, one day I realized that by allowing these situations to affect me so drastically, I was giving the negative memories power. Nobody was forcing me to feel this way but myself. That was the day I made the decision to start over. I went through all of the negative and hurtful memories taking up precious real estate in my head and I simply dumped it all out behind me and chose to dedicate my energies from then on to positive thoughts and actions. I became proactive in creating, maintaining, and improving who I am and who I have the potential to become.

I chose to reflect on past experiences and learn from the decisions that I was responsible for. I learned that by taking responsibility, not for the entirety of the negative experiences, but for my part and decisions that resulted in negativity, there is no regret. There are only life lessons learned and the best course of action to take next, I decided, was to focus on success and achieve it.

Later, I met someone whom I began to spend an increasing amount of time with. We initially began our acquaintance as running buddies and began to spend more time on outdoor activities to include mountain biking and hiking to the summit of Pike’s Peak. Our relationship had been strictly platonic for several weeks. I had been upfront, honest, and direct in my intention to stay single. My security walls were still holding strong and I feared allowing them to open at all.

After several weeks, I began to notice that his walls were beginning to come down and he had begun to develop emotions that were more than platonic friendship. This realization caused me to ask myself why was I hanging on to my security walls so tightly? I was not allowing even the exploration of the first level of reciprocity.

After confirming my suspicions of his feelings, I continued to ask myself questions and realized that I had no answers. If I can’t answer my own question for something, then I concluded that it must not be a valid fear or concern and I forced myself to adapt to the situation in a mutually beneficial manner.  After several talks and more time spent with each other, he won me over. My walls of security began to shed quickly.

We agreed from that point on to begin a relationship on the basis of full disclosure. I have learned that I have the power to change the way I feel or my place in a situation and, I choose to be AWESOME. :-)

Communication Theories Defined

Communication Theories Defined

Defining Communication Theories in a technical environment is simple enough, if one’s knowledge base has a solid foundation. Applying or acknowledging the utilization of each theory into one’s daily existence however, produces interestingly thought-provoking results due to the human variable… an entity of perpetual analysis and transformation.
 
Communication is essentially a process, the production and exchange of more than just information; as a term, it encompasses such a wide variety of definitions.
 
 
“Communication” can be labeled as an expression, dependent on exponential variables; intended as an umbrella description to encompass a myriad of diversity and interconnectivity levels, to further engage and involve encoding, sending, receiving, decoding, synthesizing information, interpreting meanings, translating signals, and so on, to the infinite power. 
 
The following, however, are the official and technical terms of the theories to encompass the concept of communication.
 
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Cognitive Dissonance Theory argues that the experience of dissonance (or incompatible beliefs and actions) is aversive and people are highly motivated to avoid it. In their efforts to avoid feelings of dissonance, people will avoid hearing views that oppose their own, change their beliefs to match their actions, and seek reassurance after making a difficult decision.
 
Communication Accommodation Theory
This theoretical perspective examines the underlying motivations and consequences of what happens when two speakers shift their communication styles. Communication Accommodation theorists argue that during communication, people will try to accommodate or adjust their style of speaking to others. This is done in two ways: divergence and convergence. Groups with strong ethnic or racial pride often use divergence to highlight group identity. Convergence occurs when there is a strong need for social approval, frequently from powerless individuals.
 
Coordinated Management of Meaning
Theorists in Coordinated Management of Meaning believe that in conversation, people co-create meaning by attaining some coherence and coordination. Coherence occurs when stories are told, and coordination exists when stories are lived. CMM focuses on the relationship between an individual and his or her society. Through a hierarchical structure, individuals come to organize the meaning of literally hundreds of messages received throughout a day.
 
Cultivation Analysis
This theory argues that television (and other media) plays an extremely important role in how people view their world. According to Cultivation Analysis, in modern Culture most people get much of their information in a mediated fashion rather than through direct experience. Thus, mediated sources can shape people’s sense of reality. This is especially the case with regard to violence, according to the theory. Cultivation Analysis posits that heavy television viewing cultivates a sense of the world that is more violent and scarier than is actually warranted.
 
Cultural Approach to Organizations 
The Cultural Approach contends that people are like animals who are suspended in webs that they created. Theorists in this tradition argue that an organization’s culture is composed of shared symbols, each of which has a unique meaning. Organizational stories, rituals, and rites of passage are examples of what constitutes the culture of an organization.
 
Cultural Studies
Theorists in cultural studies maintain that the media represents ideologies of the dominant class in a society. Because media are controlled by corporations, the information presented to the public is necessarily influenced and framed with profit in mind. Cultural Studies theorists, therefore, are concerned with media influenced and framed with profit in mind. Cultural Studies theorists, therefore, are concerned with media influence and how power plays a role in the interpretation of culture.
 
Dramatism
This theoretical position compares life to a drama. As in dramatic action, life requires an actor, a scene, an act, some means for the action to take place, and a purpose. A rhetorical critic can understand a speaker’s motives by analyzing these elements. Further, Dramatism argues that purging guilt is the ultimate motive, and rhetors can be successful when they provide their audiences with a means for purging their guilt and a sense of identification with the rhetor.
 
Expectancy Violations Theory
Expectancy Violation Theory examines how nonverbal messages are structured. The theory advances that when communicative norms are violated, the violation may be perceived either favorably or unfavorably, depending on the perception that the receiver has of the violator. Violating another’s expectations may be a strategy used over that of conforming to another’s expectations.
 
Face-Negotiation Theory
Face-Negotiation Theory is concerned with how people in individualistic and collectivistic cultures negotiate face in conflict situations. The theory is based on face management, which describes how people from different cultures manage conflict negotiation in order to maintain face. Self-face and other-face concerns explain the conflict negotiation between people from various cultures.
 
Groupthink
The groupthink phenomenon occurs when highly cohesive groups fail to consider alternatives that may effectively resolve group dilemmas. Groupthink theorists contend that group members frequently think similarly and are reluctant to share unpopular or dissimilar ideas with others. When this occurs, groups prematurely make decisions, some of which can have lasting consequences.
 
Muted Group Theory
Muted Group Theory maintains that language serves men better than women (and perhaps European Americans better than African Americans or other groups). This is the case because the variety of experiences of European American men are named clearly in language, whereas the experiences of other groups (such as women) are not. Due to this problem with language, women appear less articulate than men in public settings. As women have similar experiences, this situation should change.
 
The Narrative Paradigm
This theory argues that humans are storytelling animals. The Narrative Paradigm proposes a narrative logic to replace the traditional logic of argument. Narrative logic, or the logic of good reasons, suggests that people judge the credibility of speakers by whether their stories hang together clearly (coherence and whether their stories ring true (fidelity). The Narrative Paradigm allows for a democratic judgment of speakers because no one has to be trained in oratory and persuasion to make judgments based on coherence and fidelity.
 
Organizational Information Theory 
This Theory argues that the main activity of organizations is the process of making sense of equivocal information. Organizational members accomplish this sense-making process through enactment, selection, and retention of information. Organizations are successful to the extent that they are able to reduce equivocality through these means.
 
Relational Dialectics Theory
Relational Dialectics suggests that relational life is always in process. People in relationships continually feel the pull-push of conflicting desires. Basically, people wish to have both autonomy and connection, openness and protective-ness, and novelty and predictability. As people communicate in relationships, they attempt to reconcile these conflicting desires, but they never eliminate their needs for both of the opposing pairs.
 
The Rhetoric
Rhetorical theory is based on the available means of persuasion. That is, a speaker who is interested in persuading his or her audience should consider three rhetorical proofs: logical, emotional, and ethical. Audiences are key to effective persuasion as well. Rhetorical syllogism, requiring audiences to supply missing pieces of a speech, are also used in persuasion.
 
Social Exchange Theory
This theoretical position argues that the major force in interpersonal relationships is the satisfaction of both people’s self-interest. Theorists in Social Exchange posit that self-interest is not necessarily a bad thing and that it can actually enhance relationships. The Social Exchange approach views interpersonal exchange posit that self-interest is not necessarily a bad thing and that it can actually enhance relationships. The Social Exchange approach views interpersonal exchanges as analogous to economic exchanges where people are satisfied when they receive a fair return on their expenditures.
 
Social Penetration Theory
This theory maintains that interpersonal relationships evolve in some gradual and predictable fashion. Penetration theorists believe that self-disclosure is the primary way that superficial relationships progress to intimate relationships. Although self-disclosure can lead to more intimate relationships, it can also leave one or more persons vulnerable.
 
Spiral of Silence Theory
Theorists associated with Spiral of Silence Theory argue that due to their enormous power, the mass media have a lasting effect on public opinion. The theory maintains that mass media work simultaneously with Majority public opinion to silence minority beliefs on cultural issues. A fear of isolation prompts those with minority views to examine the beliefs of others. Individuals who fear being socially isolated are prone to conform to what they perceive to be a majority view.
 
Standpoint Theory
This theory posits that people are situated in specific social standpoints-they occupy different places in the social hierarchy. Because of this, individuals view the social situation from particular vantage points. By necessity, each vantage point provides only a partial understanding of the social whole. Yet, those who occupy the lower rungs of the hierarchy tend to understand the social whole. Yet, those who occupy the lower rungs of the hierarchy tend to understand the social situation more fully than those at the top. Sometimes, Standpoint Theory is referred to as Feminist Standpoint Theory because of its application to how women’s and men’s standpoint differ.
 
Structuration Theory
Theorists supporting the structurational perspective argue that groups and organizations create structures, which can be interpreted as an organization’s rules and resources. These structures, in turn, create social systems in an organization. Structuration theorists posit that groups and organizations achieve a life of their own because of the way their members utilize their structures. Power structures guide the decision making taking place in groups and organizations.
 
Symbolic Interaction Theory
This theory suggests that people are motivated to act based on the meanings they assign to people, things, and events. Further, meaning is created in the language that people use both with others and in private thought. Language allows people to develop a sense of self and to interact with others in community.
 
Uncertainly Reduction Theory
Uncertainty Reduction Theory suggests that when strangers meet, their primary focus is on reducing their levels of uncertainty in the situation. Their levels of uncertainty are located in both behavioral and cognitive realms. That is, they may be unsure of how to behave (or how the other person will behave), and they may also be unsure what they think of the other and what the other person thinks of them. Further, people’s uncertainty is both individual level and relational level. People are highly motivated to use communication to reduce their uncertainty according to this theory.
 
Uses and Gratifications Theory
Uses and Gratifications theorists explain why people choose and use certain media forms. The theory emphasizes a limited effect position; that is, the media have a limithe effect on their audiences because audiences are able to exercise control over their media. Uses and Gratifications Theory attempts to answer the following: What do people do with the media?
Arlington Cemetery

Arlington Cemetery

ARLINGTON CEMETERY 

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Jeopardy Question:

On Jeopardy the other night, the final question was 
“How many steps does the guard take during his 
walk across the tomb of the Unknowns” —- 
All three contestants missed it! —

This is really an awesome sight to watch if you’ve 
never had the chance. 
Very fascinating. 

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

1. 
How many steps does the guard take during his 
walk across the tomb of the Unknowns 
and why? 

21 steps: 
It alludes to the twenty-one gun salute which 
is the highest honor given any military or foreign 
dignitary. 

2. 
How long does he hesitate after his about face 
to begin his return walk and why?

21 seconds for the same reason as answer number 1

3. 
Why are his gloves wet?

His gloves are moistened to prevent his losing his 
grip on the rifle.

4. 
Does he carry his rifle on the same shoulder all 
the time and, if not, why not?

He carries the rifle on the shoulder away from the 
tomb. After his march across the path, he 
executes an about face and moves the rifle to 
the outside shoulder. 

5. 
How often are the guards changed?

Guards are changed every thirty minutes, 
twenty-four hours a day, 365 days a year.

6. 
What are the physical traits of the guard 
limited to? 

For a person to apply for guard duty at the tomb, he 
must be between 5′ 10′ and 6′ 2′ tall and 
his waist size cannot exceed 30. 

They must commit 2 years of life to guard the tomb, 
live in a barracks under the tomb, and cannot 
drink any alcohol on or off duty for the rest of 
their lives. They cannot swear in public for the 
rest of their lives and cannot disgrace the 
uniform or the tomb in any way. 

After two years, the guard is given a wreath pin that 
is worn on their lapel signifying they 
served as guard of the tomb. There are only 
400 presently worn. The guard must obey 
these rules for the rest of their 
lives or give up the wreath pin. 

The shoes are specially made with very thick soles 
to keep the heat and cold from their feet. 
There are metal heel plates that extend to 
the top of the shoe in order to make the loud click as 
they come to a halt. 

There are no wrinkles, folds or lint on the uniform.

Guards dress for duty in front of a full-length mirror. The first six months of duty a 
guard cannot talk to anyone nor watch TV. 
All off duty time is spent studying the 175 
notable people laid to rest in 
Arlington National Cemetery .
A guard must memorize who they are and where 
they are interred. Among the notables are: 

President Taft,
Joe Lewis {the boxer}
Medal of Honor winner Audie L. Murphy, the most 
decorated soldier of WWII and of Hollywood fame.   

Every guard spends five hours a 
day getting his uniforms ready for guard duty.. ETERNAL REST GRANT THEM O LORD AND LET PERPETUAL LIGHT 
SHINE UPON THEM.

In 2003 as Hurricane Isabelle was 
approaching Washington , 
DC , our US Senate/House took 2 days 
off with anticipation of the storm. On the ABC 
evening news, it was reported that because of 
the dangers from the hurricane, the military 
members assigned the duty of guarding the Tomb 
of the Unknown Soldier were given permission 
to suspend the assignment.

They respectfully declined the offer, “No way, 
Sir!” Soaked to the skin, marching in the 
pelting rain of a tropical storm, they said that 
guarding the Tomb was not just an assignment, 
it was the highest honor that can be afforded 
to a service person. The tomb has been patrolled 
continuously, 24/7, since 1930. 

God Bless and keep them. 

We can be very 
proud of our young men and women
in the service no matter where they serve. God Bless America!

My Response to a FB Post

My Response to a FB Post

We should all aspire to be more proactive in our actions, more positive in our demeanors, more optimistic with our attitudes, and more dedicated to achieving success through persistency, hard work and exemplary performance.

 
The following concepts I believe to be common sense and try to implement them everyday in anything and everything I do…

 
* Hard work contributes to  excellence through experience;
* Experience promotes proficiency through the consistent application of knowledge gained;
* Knowledge, habitually put into action, facilitates personal growth and, in turn, we gain quality experience;
* Coming around full circle, the quality experience gained from practicing all newfound knowledge is what leads to excellence, greatness, and epic awesomeness…
 
SO WORK HARD, PLAY HARD, AND HAVE AN EPICALLY AWESOME EXISTENCE!! 🙂 (aaand don’t forget to smile!)
 

 

 

 

Heart Disease

Heart Disease

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Heart Disease is an umbrella category that encompasses several conditions affecting the heart. Conditions categorized under heart disease include coronary heart disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, congenital heart disease, arrhythmia, heart defects, and other life threatening conditions.                

Heart disease customarily refers to any and all conditions involving the blood vessels, running to and from the heart, being narrowed or blocked and stressed. These critical incidents almost always lead to chest pains, strokes, or even heart attacks. The great news is that all of these debilitating diseases can be prevented or even reversed with healthy lifestyle choices, nutritious decisions, willingness to demand your own best health, and behavior modification.

The number one killer in the United States is heart disease!! Heart Disease, besides causing further undue stress, is also a major cause of disability in adults who have suffered a heart attack or stroke. General rules to follow in order to prevent heart disease include exercise, healthy living, cholesterol management, and blood pressure management. However, if you have been diagnosed, there is still hope!! 

According to a published article in the Archives of Internal Medicine, a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) program decreases the risk of recurrent heart attacks and other cardiovascular incidents in patients with heart disease. Individuals with heart disease generally suffer from one of two categories: Chronic Stressors such as low socioeconomic status, little to no social support, distress at home or in a relationship, distress at work, etc.; and emotional elements to include depression of all stages, hostility towards others, anger targeted at the world, or anxiety just to name a few.

 Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can help deal with Heart Disease and at times, reverse the disease. By learning techniques that assist in coping with stress, individuals already diagnosed with heart disease can successfully prevent future instances of heart attacks or strokes. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy will help you manage your health in a more positive way simply by changing the way you think and behave. 

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy deals with current issues in your life and focuses on practical ways to improve your state of mind. Experts help you make sense of overwhelming dilemmas in your life by breaking things down for you and helping you understand how to positively cope. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy takes into account your thoughts, emotions, actions, self, etc., and aims to transform all negative cycles of emotion and self worth, into positivity. You can and will feel good about YOU!

Encourage yourself to take an active role in your health and wellness. Proactively set goals for yourself and aim for improved health. Don’t let a diagnosis deter you from living the life you deserve to live.

 Wouldn’t it be WONDERFUL to be able to say, “I was diagnosed with heart disease at one point… I overcame it, changed the way I think, behave, and act and now, I live without it.” Change your behavior to change your life… Think Smart!!

10 Reasons Why Change is Valuable

10 Reasons Why Change is Valuable

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It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor is it the most intelligent that survives… It is those who prove to be the most adaptable to change that will survive, conquer, and dominate unchallenged.

Charles Darwin was onto something when he referenced adaptability. Change is the common denominator in all things that utilize progress whether positive or negative, and thus, change inevitably leads to constant innovation and inspiration.

The following are simply my top 10 reasons CHANGE is intelligent and extremely valuable. Feel free to add your favorite reasons as to why change is always a beginning in the comments.Thoughts of positivity are always welcomed and cherished.

You should always strive to be a part of change. Participating in the momentum of enrichment and enhanced cognitive development undoubtedly cultivates intelligence.

  1. FORWARD MOTION
    • Without change, there is no forward motion. Forward motion is necessary for progress because if there is no motion, then you are stagnant and motionless.. in that case, you might as well be moving backwards… why would anyone desire the opposite of progress?
  2. KNOWLEDGE
    • Change allows the opportunity of new knowledge to be available for assimilation, calculation, and the opportunity for our basic cognitive processes to result in perception, learning, and reasoning.
  3. OPPORTUNITY
    • Change presents a new opportunity at every pass… EMBRACE it, grow with it, and learn everything you can from it. Opportunity is the expedition of possibility and favorable conditions with forward momentum towards ultimate goal attainment.
  4. ADAPTABILITY
    • The most important thing change does? (DRUMROLL) It forces each and every one of us to learn how to adapt. Adaptability skills are the essence of survival… by improving our adaptability skills, we improve our position in life and our chances of ultimate survival. By learning to adapt, we develop valuable skills to be harnessed in the prevention of stagnation and decline.
  5. GROWTH
    • Change does not necessarily force us, but it unquestionably mitigates and promotes our capacity for personal growth. Every time we are faced with a different task, obstacle, issue, problem, etc., we learn and grow from the experience. Growth is vital in order to flourish and thrive.
  6. FLEXIBILITY
    • Change teaches us how to be flexible. Flexibility is key in any hurdle we are presented. It is less daunting to accept change than it is to resist it… why resist change? Whether the results produced are positive or negative, a valuable life lesson will always be there for you to reference in the off-chance, or likely possibility, that you face a scenario with a fairly general resemblance… Build your arsenal of expertise, references, and experiences.
  7. STRENGTH
    • Change has the amazing ability to develop our inner and personal strength. Each learning experience builds upon other learning experiences to build a solid foundation for us to stand confidently upon. The more we each solidify our foundations with new knowledge, the stronger we each become as independent individuals prepared to face whatever chooses to stand in our way.
  8. CHARACTER
    • As we develop our inner and personal strength, change helps improve our core beings. Challenges develop and build character, a most cherished and esteemed quality found in successful individuals.
  9. FRESH
    • Change, as simple and obvious it may seem, keeps life fresh! Change helps break up and dissipate the mundane. Who on earth desires a monotonous existence? Nobody, who proactively approaches life and its challenges or gifts, would scoff at the idea of keeping life fresh and alive. (fresh + alive = change)
  10. INSPIRATION
    • Change breeds inspiration and produces unmatched creativity. To use a silly example: MacGyver! All the ingenuity we have all come to love and adore in the series were irrefutably the product of a change in whatever situation the hero seemed to find himself in 🙂

Change is life’s way of teaching us how to learn because after all, learning is the essence of growing, and growth essentially, is the essence of life itself… So LIVE, LEARN, ADAPT, & INSPIRE new and wonderful inventions and inspirations! BE AWESOME! BE GREAT! WIN!!

Dell Latitude E6400 Hackint0sh

Dell Latitude E6400 Hackint0sh

Zahira Schmidt
Zahira Schmidt

Dell Latitude E6400 Hackint0sh

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As with the Dell D630, and the Toshiba Satellite, I kinda went a little hax0r crazy. I now have converted a Dell Latitude E6400 into my new Hackint0sh J

I am including all of the BIOS modifications in order to help make the install much easier for anyone reading.   

Boot with iDeneb v1.3 10.5.5

Restart your computer and hold down the F2 key to enter BIOS settings.

Change your BIOS settings to comply with Apple standards.

SYSTEM CONFIGURATION:

  • INTEGRATED NIC: DISABLED
  • PARALLEL PORT: DISABLED
  • SERIAL PORT: DISABLED
  • SATA OPERATION: AHCI
  • MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES:
    • ENABLE INTERNAL MODEM
    • ENABLE MODULE BAY
    • ENABLE MEDIA CARD, PC CARD, AND 1394
    • ENABLE EXTERNAL USB PORT
    • ENABLE MICROPHONE
    • ENABLE eSATA
  • DISABLE ADAPTOR WARNINGS UNLESS YOU REALLY ENJOY THAT ANNOYING BEEP DURING START-UP

 Make sure all of your settings are working appropriately

Restart your computer holding the F12 key and boot from CD.

When prompted, hit the F8 key to enter startup options and type in any flags that you would like to see… I like to have verbose mode [-v] on so I can see what’s going on… especially if I have to go back and remedy a setting.

The length of time the next step takes generally depends on your system configuration and how much RAM you have. The more RAM the better  

Install Welcome Screen (This is where things get just a bit tricky)

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 FORMAT YOUR HARD DRIVE

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  • Click on Utilities at the top of the screen in the menu bar
  • Go to Disk Utilities
  • Choose the main hard drive
  • Click the Erase tab
  • Click on the volume format drop down menu and choose OS Extended Journaled
  • Name the partition whatever you like – be creative with it and have some fun… why else would we be putting Mac OS on a PC? =P
  • DON’T FORGET to click on the options button and chose GUID Partition then go for it

Once partitioned, exit out by clicking the red X button and it should take you back to installation screen

Choose “Continue” and you will be shown the Agreement page, click Agree.

You will be shown the available options for drives to install on, you should see the one you just partitioned.

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  • If you don’t see one, it’s ok, you can go back to the Disk Utility and reconfigure 

After you click continue and go to the Summary page WAIT!!!You MUST CUSTOMIZE!!

  • If you don’t, the install will not function properly

 Click on the Customize button and make the choices you require based on your specific hardware.

If the first install doesn’t work, you probably need to go back and modify the customization options;

OR

If you have different hardware, you might need to take another look at your BIOS settings.


Click Done and then Install

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Voila!! The installer will primarily check your disk, you can skip the process but I recommend you let it do its thing. Once inspected, the disk won’t need to be inspected again for additional installs.

Once you see a screen with a green checkmark, you did it!!

Zahira Schmidt

 

OS X has been installed on your computer.

You’ll see a fancy video saying welcome in several languages and then be prompted to set up the basics.

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Follow all the prompts

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Add your info if you prefer

CONGRATS! You are now running OS X on your PC!!

ENJOY YOUR HACKINTOSH  

 

 

Toshiba Satellite A135 S7404 Hackint0sh

Toshiba Satellite A135 S7404 Hackint0sh

Zahira Schmidt
Zahira Schmidt

Toshiba Satellite A135 S7404 Hackint0sh

 

As with the Dell D630, I decided to play around with a Toshiba that was laying around. The Toshiba Satellite runs PheonixBIOS V1.60 and required different settings so this time, I am including the BIOS adjustments to help make the install much easier for anyone reading.   

Boot with Kalyway_10.5.2_DVD_Intel_Amd

Restart your computer and hold down the F2 key to enter BIOS settings.

Change your BIOS settings to comply with Apple standards.
 
QUIET BOOT: ENABLED
 
LEGACY USB SUPPORT: ENABLED
EXECUTE-DISABLE BIT CAPABILITY: DISABLED
DYNAMIC CPU FREQUENCY MODE: DYNAMIC
BUILT-IN LAN: ENABLED
WAKE-UP ON LAN: DISABLED
WAKE-UP ON KEYBOARD DEVICE: DISABLED
CRITICAL BATTERY WAKE-UP: ENABLED
 
LOW BATTERY ALARM: ENABLED
PANEL CLOSE ALARM: DISABLED
SYSTEM BEEP: DISABLED
 
BOOT SEQUENCE:BUILT-IN HDD
CD/DVD
FDD
LAN
 
Restart your computer holding the F12 key and boot from CD.

When prompted, hit the F8 key to enter startup options and type in –v noapic cpus=2 and hit enter.

The length of time generally depends on your system configuration and how much RAM you have. The more RAM the better 😀
 
Install Welcome Screen (This is where things get just a bit tricky)

The break-dancer image was added by Kalyway and if you click on more options, you can learn more.
 
FORMAT YOUR HARD DRIVE

  • Click on Utilities at the top of the screen in the menu bar
  • Go to Disk Utilities
  • Choose the main hard drivE
  • Click the Erase tab
  • Click on the volume format drop down menu and choose OS Extended Journaled
  • Name the partition whatever you like, I called mine haxint0sh just for the hell of it
  • DON’T FORGET to click on the options button and chose GUID Partition then go for it

 
Once partitioned, exit out by clicking the red X button and it should take you back to installation screen

Choose “Continue” and you will be shown the Agreement page

  • Agree

You will be shown the available options for drives to install on, you should see the one you just partitioned.

 

  • If you don’t see one, it’s ok, you can go back to the Disk Utility and reconfigure

After you click continue and go to the Summary page WAIT!!!You MUST CUSTOMIZE!!

If you don’t the install will not properly function

Click on the Customize button and make the choices you require based on your specific hardware.

If the first install doesn’t work, you probably need to go back and modify the customization options
 
Click Done and then Install
 
Voila!! The installer will primarily check your disk, you can skip the process but I recommend you let it do its thing. Once inspected, the disk won’t need to be inspected again for additional installs.
 
Once you see a screen with a green checkmark, you did it!! OS X has been installed on your computer.

You’ll see a fancy video saying welcome in several languages and then be prompted to set up the basics.

Follow all the prompts

Add your info if you prefer

CONGRATS! You are now running OS X on your PC!!

 
ENJOY YOUR HACKINTOSH 🙂
 

Zahira Schmidt Zahira Schmidt

Dell Latitude D630 Hackint0sh 10.5.2

Dell Latitude D630 Hackint0sh 10.5.2

hackintosh_logo_by_jonzy-d4z6d1o

Dell Latitude D630 Hackint0sh 10.5.2

 

For all the techs in training out there, when I heard that I can run OS X on a PC I said, “Challenge accepted!” 🙂

 

The first Hackint0sh I was able to successfully function as a Hackintosh was a Dell Latitude D630 using the Kalyway 10.5.2 DVD.

 

Dell Latitude D630

  • Original OS: Windows XP
  • CPU: Intel Core 2 Duo T7100 / 1.8 GHz
  • Chipset: PM965
    • ICH8-ME
  • Memory: 1.0 GB
  • Video: G 86M
    • Quadro NVS13SM
    • NVIDIA
  • Ethernet: BCMS7SSM
    • Gigabit Ethernet PCI
  • Wireless: BCM4312
    • 802.11g
  • BIOS Revision A17
  • SATA: AHCI

 

Boot with Kalyway_10.5.2_DVD_Intel_Amd

  • Restart your computer and hold down the F2 key to enter BIOS settings.
  • Change your BIOS settings to comply with Apple standards.
  • Restart your computer holding the F12 key and boot from CD.
  • When prompted, hit the F8 key to enter startup options and type in –v noapic cpus=2 and hit enter.
  • The length of time generally depends on your system configuration and how much RAM you have. The more RAM the better 😀

 

These should help:

Apple Load Screen

 

Choose your Language (I chose English for the install)

 

Load Screen

 

Install Welcome Screen (This is where things get just a bit tricky)

49287639-5790-4378-9E7B-6E39E4713540

  • The break-dancer image was added by Kalyway and if you click on more options, you can learn more.
  • FORMAT YOUR HARD DRIVE
    • Click on Utilities at the top of the screen in the menu bar
    • Go to Disk Utilities
    • Choose the main hard drive
    • Click the Erase tab

    78A2F556-F9E6-4203-8012-32D0E10F7E5B

    • Click on the volume format drop down menu and choose OS Extended Journaled
    • Name the partition whatever you like, I called mine haxint0sh just for the hell of it

    5F15AA76-0119-496B-924B-588ED61AE705

    • DON’T FORGET to click on the options button and chose GUID Partition then go for it

    4D0AA4EC-04C6-4592-B739-D94FF8EA35B4

  • Once partitioned, exit out by clicking the red X button and it should take you back to installation screen
  • Choose “Continue” and you will be shown the Agreement page
    • Agree
  • You will be shown the available options for drives to install on, you should see the one you just partitioned.

7A8B58C7-B2A5-4DCF-996F-9BFBA7F40704

  • If you don’t see one, it’s ok, you can go back to the Disk Utility and reconfigure
  • After you click continue and go to the Summary page WAIT!!!
    • You MUST CUSTOMIZE!! If you don’t the install will not properly function
    • Click on the Customize button and make the choices you require based on your specific hardware.
      • If the first install doesn’t work, you probably need to go back and modify the customization options
  • 23756D40-D4A9-4871-822A-6CAB58DFFCF3

    • Click Done and then Install

    5BF2F94A-1CD7-4251-BB03-986291AC6ED2

    • Voila!! The installer will primarily check your disk, you can skip the process but I recommend you let it do its thing. Once inspected, the disk won’t need to be inspected again for additional installs.

    02139935-4598-4988-A840-E09F49F01807

    • Once you see a screen with a green checkmark, you did it!! OS X has been installed on your computer.
    • You’ll see a fancy video saying welcome in several languages

    18E72082-5C29-41DF-B21F-B4D565911286 741849E1-2067-47E4-8CFB-07B594E385E4 52FE1E80-F906-4FF9-9B48-2B98A979D290 34BA6002-ABDC-4395-BA18-56F25412E17A

    and then be prompted to set up the basics.

    469EE861-3B3A-4D10-8ADC-0B71668CA7DA

    • Follow all the prompts
    • Add your info if you prefer
    • CONGRATS! You are now running OS X on your PC!!

     

    ENJOY YOUR HACKINTOSH 🙂

    Global Economics in History

    Global Economics in History

    global-economy1

    Globalization encompasses the changes regarding international trade and economy; falling trade barriers, unrestricted capital flows fueled by technological innovation, and a new mobile global work force would all combine. The global economy transforms by online financial markets, transnational mergers and currency speculation that dwarfs trade in goods and services. It is crucial that countries guarantee they are fostering a culture that encourages alertness, responsiveness, flexibility, and speeding up the cycle time of processes and decisions. For in order to reap the benefits of globalization, countries must make the necessary investments in education, health, and social safety nets. Technology spurs expansion, which is seen in such results as access to the internet, innovative information flow, knowledge of cultures, and new markets. The “New Rules of the Game” segment of Commanding Heights focuses on the interrelationship of trade policy, international capital flows and exchange rates; also, their subsequent influence in the spread of globalization in the 1990s, the Mexican Debt Crisis, and the Asian Economic Crisis.

    NAFTA is an international organization acronym for the North American Free Trade Agreement. The belief of the organization is that open markets create wealth, bind nations together, and help construct a more prosperous and more secure world. The initial concept created a whirlwind of controversy in the white house and came to be the first great debate of the globalization era. When put to a vote, it passed by Republican vote alone; they were behind the concept and President Clinton one hundred percent; Democrats were at sixty percent against the plan. Immediately after NAFTA became law, thousands of foreign companies built factories in Northern Mexico, exporting goods to the American market just a few miles away. The cost/benefit ration of the new law was dependent on the country and varied along a wide spectrum. The United States saw a slight increase in exports, 90-160,000 additional jobs, but lost 140,000 textile jobs to Mexico. Canada saw a loss of 50,000 jobs; the country imports heavily from the United States and unfortunately, they also witnessed their currency being devalued. Mexico gained 600,000 new textile jobs, offset by other losses, and saw an increase in imports from the United States. Other countries that suffered mainly saw the unrest among the organized labor unions. The other countries that won the beneficial ticket observed increased satisfaction among consumers and multinational corporations. Washington’s free-trade agenda passed seamlessly from the Clinton to the Bush administration. NAFTA contributed to the strength of the United States’ economy because of a substantial increase in exports and in turn, more exports helped in the fight to reduce inflation.

    Technology spurs expansion and in the expansion of global financial markets, along with the introduction of the internet, innovative information flow, and a newfound knowledge of cultures and new markets, pension funds became the powerhouses of the global economy because they had the money. With the mentality that everything is global and interconnected, the end of the cold war observed many nations opening their markets to foreign investment for the first time. Online financial markets, transactional mergers, and currency speculation that dwarfs trade in goods and services transformed the global economy. The arrival of a global marketplace sparked intense competition and perpetual burdens on costs. In order to reap the benefits of globalization, countries would need to make the necessary adjustments in education, health, and social safety nets. As investment flowed around the world, the Clinton administration expanded the trade agenda it adopted with NAFTA. The United States encouraged developing nations to continue opening their economies to the global market. Many of the developing countries had been colonies of the west and saw the quick-moving flows of capital as a threat. The complexity of global markets creates possibility for unforeseen disasters, increases the risk of “external shocks”, and the interconnectedness of a global economy translated to the possibility of problems originating and spreading across the system. During the 1990s, the number of countries that adopted free market economies was inconceivable; it was being called “the triumph of capitalism. The general movement away from traditional state control of the commanding heights marched on, allowing more and more control to be handed over to the realm of the market. Thus commenced the primary, truly global, economy that was integrated and interconnected; work and production were networked around the world and the accompanying knowledge of commerce, etc. had taken digital electronic form. The transition away from central control has had its pros and cons; productivity levels increased substantially and wealth had begun an upward slope; the voyage however was dismal at best and societally wrenching for peoples of several nations. Technology has fundamentally altered the manner in which economies conduct themselves in order to integrate and interrelate.

    The Mexico Debt Crisis can best be described as an epic meltdown. The day NAFTA went into effect, Zapatista rebels launched an uprising in southern Mexico resulting in the assassination of the leading presidential candidate. Increased concern with stability, foreign investment fled the scene hastily. The global economy was about to face a new standard of crisis. After considerable deliberation, it became apparent that without a substantial commitment from the United States, Mexico would go into default on all of its debt, be forced to impose comprehensive exchange controls, and quite frankly shut down its economy. Against the majority counsel, President Clinton chose to see the big picture. He learned that the effect a failure of these proportions in Mexico would undoubtedly impact the United States economy negatively. Choosing to bail Mexico out of it’s dire economic situation would help the American economy more than it would injure it. Although an exceedingly controversial resolution, American taxpayers after all was said and done profited by $500 million.

    By early 1997, Southeast Asia’s rapid economic boom was beginning to overheat. During the 1990s, Thailand had opened up its capital markets. For the first time, local businesses could borrow money from foreign banks that offered lower interest rates. In only four short years, Thai businesses had exceeded over $200 billion in loans. American and European governments however were encouraging the inflow of capital. Asia experienced an enormous influx of capital, institutional weakness, underdeveloped markets, inadequate securities laws, and “pegging” as monetary policy. Thailand’s central Bank had kept its currency artificially high. Concern began to rise and the International Monetary Fund began to fear a fall in Thailand’s economy. The baht, Thailand’s currency, was pegged to the dollar but with the weakening economy, there was a sense of this not lasting. In July of 1997, Thai government had no choice but to devalue currency signifying the disastrous creation of the Asian financial crisis. Cost of living began to rise; costs in general began to rise for necessities such as water, electricity, and even soap; however, salaries were stagnating. The Thai economy was in dire straits and experiencing a virtual free fall that essentially led to an attempted rescue loan from the IMF. The unfortunate persistence of their economic crash progressed to an additional request of monetary aid from the United States. The notion of an economy as miniscule as Thailand’s containing the capacity to cause a global crisis was, until that moment in history, unfounded and ridiculous. Increased global concern led to the immediate analysis of possible repercussions deliberating the probability of other countries having comparable secret failings. The onset of the “Contagion” was initiated and like a disease, it spread with the fastidiousness of an elaborate scheme, infecting strategic locations within the economic globe. As it spread to Thailand’s neighbors, Malaysia had seemed healthy until infection ensued, resulting in economic failure. Following closely was Indonesia, the most populous of the region, suddenly infested triggering a collapse in government and chaotic reactions. The IMF was astonished; this was an unprecedented encounter prompting innovative action. Substantial loans were immediately organized for Indonesia and other Asian nations under the strict conditions to cut government spending, raise interest rates, and eliminate corruption. “Contagion” was disparagingly ambitious and thwarted all efforts at containment, seizing Korea’s extremely successful economy as the subsequent victim. Discovering Korea’s misdirection as a result of the cataclysmic attack commanded a further understanding. The country had been misleading the world, claiming it possessed adequate capital to resist the impending disaster when in reality, it was on the brink of defaulting on all Japanese and Western loans. Korea received the most prevalent bailout in history, resulting in the contagion moving to Russia. The economic plague appeared to have mutated into an intelligent thing, capable of making choices that ultimately resulted in tragedy and America was next on the chopping block. This thing, a phenomenon of globalization, had its sights set on Wall Street; failure on Wall Street threatened the entire global economy; correspondingly, the fate of the global economy rested in the hands of private bankers. Wall Street had encouragingly deflected the plague but Contagion wasn’t done yet. Brazil seemed to be the final destination, the world’s eighth largest economy. A loan package was proactively put into effect early and Brazil’s government immediately cut spending and enacted reforms. SUCCESS!! Brazil’s distresses were contained and thankfully the Contagion had fizzled out. Global financial markets gradually returned to normal.

    The world economy had survived the first crisis of the globalization era, but millions of ordinary people had paid the price. Afterthought allowed theorists to determine that the Asian Crisis was not the seizure of a normal business cycle but the consequence of an external shock—the excessive influx of foreign capital pursuing higher yields in emerging markets. The bailout in Mexico was successful and Mexico paid back the loan early. The intervention concerned minds as it set a dangerous precedent: protecting big investors from risks they had willingly taken. The rapid pace of globalization in all dimensions requires new rules. Existing systems must function in harmony with the marketplace. Globalization challenges governments to cooperate with one another in order to develop the new rules of the game, specifically the requirements for a manageable and successful global marketplace.